This is intended as context for the article opposite on the crisis in Burundi.
Population. 10.3 million
Capital. Bujumbura. 707,000.
Ethnic Groups. Hutu 85% Tutsi 14% Twa (Pygmy) 1%. There are about 3,000 Europeans and 2,000 south Asians living and working in Burundi.
Religion. Catholic 62.1% Protestant 23.9%. Muslim 2.5%. Rest – other or unspecified.
Life expectancy at birth: 59.55 years. Male 57.94, female: 61.22.
Internally displaced people (IDP) – 71,000. Mostly Tutsi.
Size: a landlocked 27,830 sq km – about the same size as Albania, or the US state of Maryland.
Borders. DRC, Rwanda, and Tanzania.
Lowest point. Lake Tanganyika 772 m
Natural resources: Includes nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, cobalt, copper, platinum, gold, tin, tungsten.
Main exports. Coffee, tea.
Foreign aid = 42% of national income.
Flag. Divided by a white diagonal cross into red and green panels with a white disk at the center bearing three red six-pointed stars . Green symbolizes hope, white –peace, red – the blood shed in the struggle for independence. The stars represent the three main ethnic groups.