European Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker has unveiled plans for the EU states to take in 120,000 refugees of those currently in Greece, Hungary, and Italy.
Germany, France and Spain will take a combined total of almost 60 percent of 120,000 refugees under mandatory quotas.
Germany: 31,443 (26.2 percent)
France: 24,031 (20 percent)
Spain: 14,931 (12.4 percent) over two years.
If a member state refused to take its quota it would be expected to offer financial compensation.The quotas are worked out according to the country’s GDP (40 percent), population (40 percent), unemployment rate (10 percent) and already-processed asylum applications.
Britain, Ireland and Denmark have opted out of certain EU treaties and so are not required to participate in the plan.
The quotas are in addition to Mr Junker’s proposal for the relocation of nearly 40,000 refugees which was made in May but only partially adopted.
There will be a distinction between “relocation” and “resettlement” of refugees.
“Relocation” is from one EU country where they have already landed, to another EU state, and is what the Juncker plan is about. Relocated people cannot choose their destination, it would be assigned.
“Resettlement” is from camps outside the EU. The UK plans to increase assistance inside the camps and take people directly from them to the UK.
A state will receive 6,000 euros in EU aid per person.
This is a one off plan for quotas in the name of EU ‘solidarity’ and is an exception. The EU rules normally are that a refugee must stay in the first safe country in which they arrive.
The plans will be discussed at Interior Minister level in Brussels on Sept 14th. Agreement is far from assured but there is a consensus that action is required.